Dr. Samreen Sarfaraz, Consultant Infectious Diseases, was the speaker of the first CME of the year 2017. She started her presentation with a simple introduction to Hansen’s Disease also known as Leprosy and that it is closely related to Tuberculosis. She highlighted that Acid-Fast Bacilli (ABF) Smear results in positive for both Tuberculosis and Leprosy but the point of differentiation is growth of the organism, i.e. Mycobacterium leprae does not grow.
Discussing the transmission, she informed that it can occurs through nasal, oral droplets and dermal inoculations. Natural reservoirs include Armadillo, mice, rabbit and some types of monkeys, however, transmission occurs from human to human also. Under the heading of treatment, she discussed about the history acknowledging Dapsone being the first anti-leprotic drug. She also explained the multi-drug therapy currently used to treat Hansen’s Disease.